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pdf. Creative Commons License. O bibliotecas on-line. . Abstract Overview of current international human rights standards on privacy and confidentiality in healthcare. Key population aspects of the right to privacy, confidentiality, and the right to access healthcare are described. The right to nondiscrimination is described in relation to key population access to services. Specific challenges to the application of these standards to key populations are presented. Introduction The right to privacy and confidentiality in healthcare is increasingly being recognized as a cornerstone of health care, both by developing and developed countries [1]. The right to privacy in healthcare settings has been enshrined in Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), and Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The importance of confidentiality in healthcare is understood to be a means to facilitate the delivery of quality health care services by increasing patient trust and thus increasing the likelihood that patients will seek and receive needed care. The right to confidentiality is articulated in the ICESCR, ICCPR, and the Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO) [2]. The right to healthcare access is widely articulated in treaties and declarations, such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination [3]. In addition, the right to healthcare access is recognized in the constitutions of the United States and Canada [4]. However, specific obligations to key populations are largely absent from this extensive body of international legal and political instruments. The lack of specific obligations to key populations in healthcare access instruments is a source of tension between key populations and the organizations and governments that seek to implement such obligations. As noted by the International AIDS Conference (AIDS2010), healthcare services including prevention of vertical transmission, diagnosis, treatment, and care, are not usually accessible to key populations [5]. Within developed and developing countries, key populations are likely to suffer disproportionately from the negative health consequences associated with lack of access to quality health services. In addition, underreporting of key population risks and vulnerable behaviors, and lack of access to services may result in inequalities in healthcare access. Indeed



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Download Terjemahan Kitab Mantiq 144 latafit

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